Cholesterol: What to do with an unhealthy cholesterol?
December 28, 2016
Cholesterol is very important for your body so the body can function properly. The cholesterol (fat) ensures the rigidity of the cell walls. The cholesterol is spread through the blood. There are different kinds of cholesterol. These are HDL, the good cholesterol, and LDL, the bad cholesterol. An excess of LDL can lead to cardiovascular disease. How is the cholesterol ratio? And what can you do to get healthy cholesterol?
What is cholesterol?
Cholesterol enters the body via animal or vegetable food inside. Also, your body produces cholesterol, and it is used as building material. Cholesterol is a fatty substance. Despite the bad name the body cholesterol indeed necessary because it serves as a building material. The body makes cholesterol because it is necessary for the construction of cell walls and to produce hormones, cells, and bile. The creation of cholesterol mainly occurs in the liver, but also in the intestine. Cholesterol is packaged to transport particles through the body along with triglycerides. These transport particles are also called lipoproteins. There are different types of lipoproteins. These are LDL, HDL, and VLDL.
LDL, also known as low-density lipoproteins, is the “bad cholesterol.” A high level of LDL increases the risk of getting cardiovascular disease. LDL ensure that the cholesterol is transported to the cells and muscles in the body. Along the way will be a surplus settle in the walls of arteries so that they get constricted and sitting. When this happens, it is called arteriosclerosis.
HDL, also called high-density lipoproteins, the “good cholesterol.” HDL LDL transport cholesterol to the liver where there is too much of it enters into the body. LDL are then converted into bile and will leave the body through the stool. HDL are so cleaners, and it is therefore called the “good cholesterol.” The more there are HDL in the blood, the better it is.
VLDL also referred to as very low-density lipoproteins. VLDL transport triglycerides from the liver to the cells. In the cells, they serve as a source of energy. During transport, there arise LDL particles which settle on the walls of arteries. Triglycerides (fat particles) are produced by the liver. Triglycerides consist of carbohydrates and fatty acids that enter the body through the diet. Overweight people often have a high proportion of triglycerides.
Determine the cholesterol ratio
The cholesterol ratio is determined the risk of getting cardiovascular disease. To determine first blood is collected using an injection in the finger to examine the cholesterol ratio which is the level of cholesterol. When the level of cholesterol, the HDL, LDL, triglycerides and total cholesterol were measured. The cholesterol values that come out of the blood test are expressed in millimoles per liter (mmol / l). A healthy cholesterol level is below five mmol / l. It is important that the cholesterol content will be measured more than once because of the values may fluctuate naturally in the body.
|Total cholesterol (mmol / l)||Cholesterol levels in the body|
|Less than 5||normal|
|5 to 6.5||slightly increased|
|6.5 to 8||increased|
|Above 8||greatly increased|
The following calculation is made to determine the cholesterol ratio:
(total cholesterol): (the HDL level) = the cholesterol ratio.
|Type of cholesterol||Value||Rash|
|LDL-cholesterol||Lower than 2.5 mmol / l||Good|
|LDL-cholesterol||Higher than 3.5 mmol / l||Too high|
|HDL-cholesterol||Less than 0.9 mmol / l||Too low|
|Cholesterol ratio (cholesterol: HDL)||Below 5.0 mmol / l||Good|
|triglycerides||Higher than 2.1 mmol / l||Too high|
The dangers of high cholesterol levels
High cholesterol is often due to smoking, drinking, an underactive thyroid, obesity, genetic predisposition or a wrong diet. This is dangerous for health. High cholesterol does not feel. About a quarter of people aged between 35 and 70 years have high cholesterol. It is, therefore, wise to occasionally do a cholesterol check to determine the cholesterol ratio. If you keep walking around too long with too high cholesterol, there may arise blood clots in the vessels causing the vessels to narrow. This can lead to a shortage of oxygen in the organs. This is dangerous because it may cause a transient ischemic attack, stroke or heart attack.
How do I keep cholesterol levels healthy?
It is very important to continue to eat as healthy as possible.
- Be careful with saturated fats. These are on butter, potato chips, fatty meats, whole milk, whole cheese, whipped cream, chocolate, biscuits, cakes and snacks
- Choose unsaturated fats. These are in fish, olive oil, margarine, avocados, nuts, seeds, and olives
- Opt for low-fat cheese, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products
- Opt for liquid frying products where less saturated fat is in
- Do not drink more than one or two glasses of alcohol per day
- Eat two servings of fruit per day and eat at least 200 grams of vegetables
- Stir every day at least half an hour. The movement has a positive influence on the cholesterol level. In the long-term movement in reducing LDL-cholesterol and increase the HDL-cholesterol